[161] In the summer of 2016 a public art event across the city occurred called the Herd of Sheffield which raised £410,000 for the Sheffield Children's Hospital. [92] Since 2012, there have been disputes between the city council and residents over the fate of the city's 36,000 highway trees, with 4,000 having been felled as part of a scheme to maintain the city streets. [107] The Master Cutler, a named passenger express train running from Sheffield railway station to London St Pancras, provides a direct connection to the capital. Blake Street, in the S6 postcode area, is the third steepest residential street in England, with a gradient of 16.6°. After many years of decline, the Sheffield economy is going through a strong revival. The gardens date back to 1779 and have been dedicated to the victims of the Hillsborough Disaster since the redevelopment of the gardens in the early 1990s. [183][184][185][186] It is also home to Music in the Round, a charitable organisation that exists to promote chamber music. La révolution industrielle est à la base de la croissance rapide de la ville au XIXe siècle. Many of Sheffield's sporting facilities were built for the World Student Games, which the city hosted in 1991, including Sheffield Arena and the Ponds Forge international diving and swimming complex. [109] The 560/564 service is a direct connection to London Victoria Coach Station via Chesterfield and Milton Keynes, operating 12 times a day in both directions. à savoir l'Embassy Championnat du monde, tenu chaque année depuis 1927. The earliest known evidence of human occupation in the Sheffield area was found at Creswell Crags to the east of the city. [164] Sheffield was once home to a number of historically important nightclubs in the early dance music scene of the 1980s and 1990s, Gatecrasher One was one of the most popular clubs in the North of England until its destruction by fire on 18 June 2007. Sheffield was incorporated as a borough in 1843 and granted a city charter in 1893. This shaft may be part of a cross removed from the church yard of the Sheffield parish church (now Sheffield Cathedral) in 1570. [91] This process was rendered obsolete in 1856 by Henry Bessemer's invention of the Bessemer converter. En 1984, cinq grèves des mineurs ont touché les zones minières de charbon à l'est et au nord-est de Sheffield, mais il est peu probable que cela ait eu un impact majeur sur l'économie de la ville. Meadowhall, a bus, rail and tram interchange, is the second largest station and accommodates a number of services including the long distance CrossCountry service. [75], The population of Sheffield peaked in 1951 at 577,050, and has since declined steadily. Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust provides healthcare for children within the city of Sheffield, South Yorkshire and the UK as a whole. L'effondrement du mur du barrage de l'un de ces réservoirs en 1864 a abouti à la « grande inondation de Sheffield », qui a tué 270 personnes et dévasté une grande partie de la ville. By 1700 London, too, had been defeated, and thereafter Sheffield enjoyed a virtual monopoly of the English cutlery trade. This eventually led to the Sheffield Improvement Act 1818, which established the Commission and included several other provisions. The 1980s saw the worst of this run-down of Sheffield's industries, along with those of many other areas of the UK. The most popular things to do in Sheffield with kids according to Tripadvisor travelers are: InterContinental (IHG) Hotels in Sheffield, Hotels near Tropical Butterfly House, Wildlife & Falconry Centre, Hotels near FlyDSA Arena (Sheffield Arena), Hotels near Our Cow Molly Dairy Farm & Ice Cream Shop, Hotels near The National Videogame Museum, Hotels near National Emergency Services Museum, Hotels near (MAN) Manchester Intl Airport, Hotels near (DSA) Doncaster Sheffield Airport, Game & Entertainment Centers in Sheffield, Points of Interest & Landmarks in Sheffield, Tropical Butterfly House, Wildlife & Falconry Centre Tickets, Things to do near (MAN) Manchester Intl Airport, Things to do near (LBA) Leeds-Bradford Airport, Things to do near (DSA) Doncaster Sheffield Airport, Things to do near FlyDSA Arena (Sheffield Arena), Tropical Butterfly House, Wildlife & Falconry Centre, See all attractions in Sheffield on Tripadvisor, See all outdoor activities in Sheffield on Tripadvisor, See all kid friendly things to do in Sheffield on Tripadvisor. [153] Sheffield also had its own Ferris Wheel known as the Wheel of Sheffield, located atop Fargate shopping precinct. En tant que tel, une grande partie de la ville est construite à flanc de colline avec vue sur la ville ou à la campagne. [72] In 2011 the racial composition of Sheffield's population was 84% White (81% White British, 0.5% White Irish, 0.1% Gypsy or Irish Traveller, 2.3% Other White), 2.4% of mixed race (1.0% White and Black Caribbean, 0.2% White and Black African, 0.6% White and Asian, 0.6% Other Mixed), 8% Asian (1.1% Indian, 4% Pakistani, 0.6% Bangladeshi, 1.3% Chinese, 1.0% Other Asian), 3.6% Black (2.1% African, 1% Caribbean, 0.5% Other Black), 1.5% Arab and 0.7% of other ethnic heritage. Memorials to the fourth and sixth Earls of Shrewsbury can still be seen in the church. Sheffield historian S. O. Addy suggests that the second form, pronounced Shaffeld, is the truer form,[32] as the spelling Sefeld is found in a deed issued less than one hundred years after the completion of the survey. Singing and music sessions occur weekly in many pubs around the city and it also hosts the annual Sheffield Sessions Festival. Parts of Sheffield were devastated when, following a five-year construction project, the Dale Dyke dam collapsed on Friday 11 March 1864, resulting in the Great Sheffield Flood. It is on the Trans-Pennine Trail, a National Cycle Network route running from West to East from Southport in Merseyside to Hornsea in the East Riding of Yorkshire and North to South from Leeds in West Yorkshire to Chesterfield in Derbyshire. [n 4], The name Sheffield is Old English in origin. [204] One of these cinema complexes is located at Valley Centertainment, a leisure and entertainment complex in the Don Valley. For an in-depth look at our products, subscribe to our YouTube channel . No other English city had parts of a national park within its boundary,[52] until the creation in March 2010 of the South Downs National Park, part of which lies within Brighton and Hove. [30] Gradually, Anglian settlers pushed west from the kingdom of Deira. Sheffield began construction of a tram system in 1992, with the first section opening in 1994. The building of the Meadowhall shopping centre on the site of a former steelworks in 1990 was a mixed blessing, creating much needed jobs but speeding the decline of the city centre. National Express services call at Sheffield Interchange, Meadowhall Interchange and Meadowhead Bus Stop. Il existe plus de 170 parcs, squares et forêts, les forêts couvrant une aire totale de 28,27 km2 et les parcs publics une surface de 18,30 km2. Large parts of the city centre were also cleared to make way for a new system of roads. [173] Live music venues in the city include the Harley Hotel, Leadmill, Maggie Mays, West Street Live, the Boardwalk, Dove & Rainbow, The Greystones, The Casbah, The Cremorne, Corporation, New Barrack Tavern, The Broadfield Hotel, Redstone bar and nightclub, the City Hall, the University of Sheffield Students' Union, the Studio Theatre at the Crucible Theatre, the O2 Academy Sheffield and The Grapes. The dry grinders' average life is hardly thirty-five years, the wet grinders' rarely exceeds forty-five. [33] It is likely then that the origin of the present-day city of Sheffield is an Anglo-Saxon settlement in a clearing beside the confluence of the rivers Sheaf and Don founded between the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons in this region (roughly the 6th century) and the early 9th century.[34]. [61], In the 1740s Benjamin Huntsman, a clock maker in Handsworth, invented a form of the crucible steel process for making a better quality of steel than had previously been available. Museums Sheffield manages the Weston Park Museum (a Grade II* listed Building), Millennium Galleries and Graves Art Gallery. The names of hamlets established by these settlers often end in thorpe, which means a farmstead. [11] Gradually, Anglian settlers pushed west from the kingdom of Deira. The FreeBee buses stopped in 2014 and is due to save £8 million. Added to the 52.0 square miles (134.7 km2) of national park and 4.20 square miles (10.9 km2) of water this means that 61% of the city is greenspace. [122] Sheffield's local bus infrastructure has its main hub at Sheffield Interchange. Le tournoi s'est établi au Crucible Theatre depuis 1977. [111], The Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation (S&SY) is a system of navigable inland waterways (canals and canalised rivers) in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. [52] The Church Burgesses organised a public meeting on 27 May 1805 and proposed to apply to Parliament for an act to pave, light and clean the city's streets. [145], The Sheffield Ski Village was the largest artificial ski resort in Europe, before being destroyed in a series of suspected arson attacks in 2012 and 2013. Although its industrial base underwent some shrinkage in the late 20th century, Sheffield is still a major British producer of raw steel, cutlery, and machinery. Music Sales Group, Ben Osborne (2013). The team then hit troubled times before reforming in 2003. [63] In collaboration with the Stockholm Environment Institute, Sheffield developed a carbon footprint (based on 2004/05 consumption figures) of 5,798,361 tonnes per year. However, 79% of the housing in the city is between 100 and 200 metres (330 and 660 ft) above sea level. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in October. To this end he erected steelworks in Sheffield. Area city and metropolitan borough, 142 square miles (368 square km). [200], The South West boundary of the city overlaps with the Peak District National Park, the first national park in England (est. The invading force was met and defeated by an army from Wessex and Mercia led by King Æthelstan at the Battle of Brunanburh. It became the site of a castle and a parish church built by the Norman lord William de Lovetot early in the 12th century. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In the final, they were comprehensively beaten by Featherstone Rovers. Following the war, the 1950s and 1960s saw many large scale developments in the city. Its history traces back to Sheffield Medical School found in 1828, Firth College in 1879 and Sheffield Technical School in 1884. For much of its history the council was controlled by the Labour Party, and was noted for its leftist sympathies; during the 1980s, when Sheffield City Council was led by David Blunkett, the area gained the epithet the "Socialist Republic of South Yorkshire". On 25 June 2007, flooding caused millions of pounds worth of damage to buildings in the city and led to the loss of two lives. 1951). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What is the name of the river that flows through Paris, France? [45] Samuel Pegge in his History of Beauchief Abbey notes that Albinas, the abbot of Derby, who was one of the witnesses to the charter of foundation, died in 1176, placing foundation before that date.

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